A cellulosic liquid crystal pool for cellulose nanocrystals: structure and molecular dynamics at high shear rates

Coro Echeverria, Pedro L Almeida, Gabriel Feio, João L. Figueirinhas, Maria H Godinho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellulose and its derivatives, such as hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) have been studied for a long time but they are still not well understood particularly in liquid crystalline solutions. These systems can be at the origin of networks with properties similar to liquid crystalline (LC) elastomers. The films produced from LC solutions can be manipulated by the action of moisture allowing for instance the development of a soft motor (Geng et al., 2013) driven by humidity. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), which combine cellulose properties with the specific characteristics of nanoscale materials, have been mainly studied for their potential as a reinforcing agent. Suspensions of CNC can also self-order originating a liquid-crystalline chiral nematic phases. Considering the liquid crystalline features that both LC-HPC and CNC can acquire, we prepared LC-HPC/CNC solutions with different CNC contents (1, 2 and 5 wt.%). The effect of the CNC into the LC-HPC matrix was determined by coupling rheology and NMR spectroscopy - Rheo-NMR a technique tailored to analyse orientational order in sheared systems. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Cellulose nanocrystals
  • Liquid crystal
  • Rheo-NMR
  • Rheology
  • Polymer Science

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