Ace1 prevents intracellular copper accumulation by regulating Fet3 expression and thereby restricting Aft1 activity

Ana Gaspar-Cordeiro, Soraia Marques Caetano, Catarina Amaral, Claudina Rodrigues-Pousada, Catarina Pimentel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Aft1, the low iron-sensing transcription factor is known to regulate the expression of the FET3 gene. However, we found that a strain-lacking FET3 is more sensitive to copper excess than a strain-lacking AFT1, and accordingly, FET3 expression is not fully compromised in the latter. These findings suggest that, under such conditions, another regulator comes into play and controls FET3 expression. In this work, we identify Ace1, the regulator of copper detoxification genes, as a regulator of FET3. We suggest that the activation of FET3 by Ace1 prevents the hyper activation of Aft1, possibly by assuring the adequate functioning of mitochondrial iron–sulfur cluster biogenesis. While reinforcing the link between iron and copper homeostasis, this work unveils a novel protection mechanism against copper toxicity mediated by Ace1, which relies in the activation of FET3 and results in the restriction of Aft1 activity as a means to prevent excessive copper accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1861-1872
Number of pages12
JournalFEBS Journal
Volume285
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Ace1
  • Aft1
  • copper
  • Fet3
  • iron

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