Given the implicitly parallel nature of population-based heuristics, many contributions reporting on parallel and distributed models and implementations of these heuristics have appeared so far. They range from the most natural and simple ones, i.e. fitness-level embarrassingly parallel implementations (where, for instance, each candidate solution is treated as an independent agent and evaluated on a dedicated processor), to many more sophisticated variously interacting multi-population systems. In the last few years, researchers have dedicated a growing attention to Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), a bio-inspired population based heuristic inspired by the behavior of flocks of birds and shoals of fish, given its extremely simple implementation and its high intrinsical parallelism. Several parallel and distributed models of PSO have been recently defined, showing interesting performances both on benchmarks and real-life applications. In this chapter we report on four parallel and distributed PSO methods that have recently been proposed. They consist in a genetic algorithm whose individuals are co-evolving swarms, an "island model"-based multi-swarm system, where swarms are independent and interact by means of particle migrations at regular time steps, and their respective variants enriched by adding a repulsive component to the particles. We show that the proposed repulsive multi-swarm system has a better optimization ability than all the other presented methods on a set of hand-tailored benchmarks and complex real-life applications.
|Title of host publication||Parallel Architectures and Bioinspired Algorithms|
|Editors||FF DeVega, JIH Perez, J Lanchares|
|Place of Publication||Berlin|
|ISBN (Print)||1860-949X 978-3-642-28788-6|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|
|Name||Studies in Computational Intelligence|