Azotochelin and N-dihydroxy-N,N'-diisopropylhexanediamide as Fe sources to cucumber plants in hydroponic cultures

João Graça Martins, Clara Martin, Lourdes Hernandez-Apaolaza, Maria Teresa Barros, Helena Maria Vieira Monteiro Soares, Juan José Lucena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Environmental concerns related to the use of synthetic iron chelates, usually non-biodegradable, for overcoming iron chlorosis motivates the search for alternative compounds. Thus, the main aim of this work was to evaluate siderophore, azotochelin, and a siderophore mimic, N-dihydroxy-N,N'-diisopropylhexanediamide (DPH) as potential sources of iron to cucumber plants grown in hydroponic cultures. The behavior of the iron chelates of azotochelin and DPH, as a substrate of ferric chelate reductase (FCR) and the ability as iron suppliers for chlorotic plants was studied and compared with o,o-EDDHA/Fe3+ and EDTA/Fe3+ chelates, traditionally used for this purpose. The rate of reduction of DPH/Fe3+, by FCR, was comparable to o,o-EDDHA/Fe3+ but lesser than the obtained for EDTA/Fe+3. The rate of reduction for azotochelin/Fe3+ was not possible to determine. Both azotochelin/Fe3+ and DPH/Fe3+ chelates were effective in supplying iron to cucumber plants. After 7 and 21 days, all the plants treated with the iron chelates (10 μM, Fe) of DPH and azotochelin showed significantly higher SPAD index, leaf dry weight and leaf Fe concentration than the control plants (2μM, Fe). In conclusion, azotochelin/Fe3+ and DPH/Fe3+ can be considered as iron sources for cucumber plants when growing in hydroponic culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalEmirates Journal of Food and Agriculture
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Ferric chelate reductase
  • Hydroponic culture
  • Iron chlorosis
  • Siderophore

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Azotochelin and N-dihydroxy-N,N'-diisopropylhexanediamide as Fe sources to cucumber plants in hydroponic cultures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this