Characterisation of Late Bronze Age large size shield nails by EDXRF, micro-EDXRF and X-ray digital radiography

Elin Figueiredo, Maria Fátima Araújo, Rui Jorge Cordeiro Silva, João Carlos Senna-Martinez, J.L. Inês Vaz

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In the present study six exceptional large size metallic nails, a dagger and a sickle from the Late Bronze Age archaeological site of Figueiredo das Donas (Central Portugal) have been analysed by EDXRF, micro-EDXRF and X-ray digital radiography for the study of material composition and technology of fabrication. The combination of these analytical and examination techniques showed that all artefacts are made of bronze with As, Sb and Pb impurities, and that the nails were most likely manufactured using the casting-on technique. These results reinforce the use of binary bronze by Late Bronze Age in the region, and the incorporation of new fabrication technologies that resulted from ancient spheres of interaction.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)1205–1211
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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