Choroidal thickness in diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy

Joana Tavares Ferreira, André Vicente, Rita Proença, Bruno O. Santos, João P. Cunha, Marta Alves, Ana L. Papoila, Luís Abegão Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE:: To compare choroidal thickness (CT) between diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy and a nondiabetic group. To explore how CT relates to disease duration, mean arterial pressure, glycemia, glycosylated hemoglobin, intraocular pressure, and ocular pulse amplitude. METHODS:: Choroidal thickness was assessed using a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and enhanced depth mode at 13 locations (subfoveal and 3 measurements 500 μm apart in 4 directions—nasal, temporal, superior, and inferior). Linear regression models were used. RESULTS:: One hundred seventy-five patients were recruited (125 diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy and 50 nondiabetic patients). In diabetic patients, although without statistical significance, CT showed a trend to be thicker in all locations (6.16–24.27 μm). Choroidal thickness was negatively associated with age (P < 0.001) in both groups, but only in the diabetic group, it was positively associated to ocular pulse amplitude (with a mean increase between 8.5 μm and 11.6 μm for each millimeter of mercury increase in ocular pulse amplitude). Diabetic patientsʼ CT seems to stabilize after 150 months of diabetes, increase with higher glycemia levels (>160 mg/dL) while showing no fluctuation with glycosylated hemoglobin and mean arterial pressure. CONCLUSION:: There seems to be a thickening of the choroid in diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy. Moreover, this tissue may be functionally different in diabetes, as the pattern of associations seems to differ between groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-804
Number of pages10
JournalRetina
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • choroidal thickness
  • diabetes mellitus
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • enhanced depth mode
  • optical coherence tomography

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