Compressive behavior of CNT-reinforced aluminum composites using molecular dynamics

Nuno Silvestre, Bruno Faria, José N. Canongia Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a Molecular Dynamics (MD) study on the characterization of the compressive behavior of an aluminum (Al) material reinforced with carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Firstly, a detailed literature review of recent experimental and numerical works dedicated to the characterization and mechanical enhancement of CNT-Al composites is presented. Then, the paper describes a computational approach based on MD simulations used to analyze the mechanical behavior of the CNT-Al composite material under compression. Finally, the paper presents and discusses several results that comprise (i) curves relating the energies (total, Al, CNT, interface) with the imposed axial shortening displacement, (ii) plots of deformed shapes and failure modes of CNT-Al specimen and (iii) curves relating the acting stress with the imposed strain. In this study, we adopted two limit cases for bonding between the CNT and Al matrix, one in which the displacements are imposed to the Al atoms (case A) and another in which displacements are imposed to both Al and C atoms (case B). In comparison with pure Al, the Young's modulus increases about 50% in case A and 100% in case B. These increases are not only due to the CNT intrinsic stiffness but also to the interface slip stresses, which are about 16. MPa (case A) and 75. MPa (case B). In opposition, it is seen that both yield stress and yield strain do not increase. This evidence is mostly due to premature failure of the CNT-Al composite due to CNT local buckling. This study not only confirms previous results obtained by other researchers (e.g. Laha et al. [1]) but also provides some understanding on the compressive behavior of CNT-based composites, which might be different to standard tensile behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • A. Carbon nanotubes
  • A. Metal-matrix composites (MMCs)
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • B. Stress/strain curves
  • C. Modelling

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