Dynamics of the Health-Care Labor Markets

Edson C. Araujo, Gilles Dussault

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This article discusses how economic analysis can help to understand the challenges around the demand and supply of health workers. Most countries face challenges in training, deploying, and retaining health workers in sufficient numbers and with the necessary skill mix. The challenge in the health sector is that the underlying incentive structure often results that these variables do not conduct health workers to make decisions that are aligned with priority public health needs. The article presents an overview of health labor markets, followed by a review of the theoretical and issues and empirical evidence of labor supply and demand topics within the health sector.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Public Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780128037089
ISBN (Print)9780128036785
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2016


  • Demand for health workers
  • Elasticity of labor supply
  • Health workers' labor markets
  • Health workforce
  • Health-care markets
  • Health-care systems
  • Supply of health workers

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being

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