Exploring nightlife in the university city of Cluj-Napoca (Romania): a mixed methods research study

Emanuel Cristian Adorean, Jordi Nofre, Oana-Ramona Ilovan, Viorel Gligor

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The university city of Cluj-Napoca in Romania is one of the clearest examples where ‘the night’ (including restaurants, bars, discotheques, clubs, and also museums, exhibitions, and theatres) has been essential for the vitality of the city. Despite the importance of ‘the night’ for the everyday life of the city, the role of the night-time leisure economy in the social and urban change of European post-socialist cities remains underexplored. Based on mixed research methods, this paper aims to examine the recent development of the night-time leisure economy of Cluj-Napoca. After a theoretical approach in which we highlight the long underexplored path that still exists in relation to the study on the political, social, cultural and economic factors of ’the night’ in post-socialist cities from South-Eastern Europe, the paper shows a quantitative approach about a range of variables that define the different (and unequal) forms of consuming the night in the city centre of Cluj-Napoca. The second part of the paper shows the results derived from the quantitative study about the different perceptions and visions that employees, residents, venue owners, and municipals have about nightlife in Cluj-Napoca. The paper concludes by suggesting that a greater institutional attention should be provided to the development of the night-time leisure economy in the city centre of Cluj-Napoca in order to avoid the reproduction of 'segmented nightscapes' that highly feature the night in Central and Western Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-195
Number of pages16
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2020


  • Nightlife
  • Consumption
  • Mixed methods
  • Post-socialist cities
  • Cluj-Napoca
  • Leisure Economy

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