Fracture modes during severe plastic deformation of NiTi shape memory alloys

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Abstract

The effects of severe plastic deformation on the surface micro-structural characteristics of NiTi shape memory alloys were observed after one single pass using the equal channel angular pressure technique. The analysis of the deformation and fracture showed distinct features related to the composition of the alloys, the temperature of the process, and the surface effects during the relative sliding in the die. In samples deformed at room temperature, the cracks initiated at the surface under tensile stress are amplified during the extrusion in the concurrent channel. The multiple cracks that develop during the friction process between the surfaces of the sample and channels of the die are the main cause for the fracture, even in materials that are less brittle, incorporating a smaller fraction of Ti2Ni precipitates and showing ductile fracture. A differential state of stress appears to exist in the deformed alloys starting from one surface to the other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-705
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of metals and metallography
Volume116
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

Keywords

  • shape memory alloys
  • severe plastic deformation
  • equal channel angular pressing
  • fracture
  • HIGH-PRESSURE TORSION
  • MICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTION
  • WEAR BEHAVIOR
  • TRANSFORMATION
  • REFINEMENT

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