Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a rapidly growing family of genetic diseases comprising more than 85 known distinct disorders. They show a great phenotypic variability ranging from multi-organ/system to mono-organ/system involvement with very mild to extremely severe expression. Immunological dysfunction has a significant impact on the phenotype in a minority of CDG. CDG with major immunological involvement are ALG12-CDG, MAGT1-CDG, MOGS-CDG, SLC35C1-CDG and PGM3-CDG. This review discusses the variety of immunological abnormalities reported in human CDG. Understanding the immunological aspects of CDG may contribute to a better management/treatment of these pathologies and possibly of more common diseases, such as inflammatory diseases.
- DEFICIENT GLYCOPROTEIN-SYNDROME
- SYNDROME TYPE-I
- GDP-FUCOSE TRANSPORTER
- SKELETAL DYSPLASIA
- PHOSPHOMANNOMUTASE DEFICIENCY