Novel eddy current probes were developed to detect sub-millimetre defects with any orientation on the inner surface of pipes. Five different probes were designed, produced and experimentally validated. These probes include arrays of planar trapezoidal coils in a flexible substrate used alone or together with different winded drive coils. Numerical simulations with Finite Element Method were used to predict the probe response to defects with any orientation. Experimental results in austenitic steel jackets used in ITER revealed that the new probes have an improved reliability compared to conventional toroidal bobbin probes, allowing a higher sensitivity to circumferential defects.
- Eddy currents
- Pipe inspection