Orange protein from Desulfovibrio alaskensis G20: insights into the Mo-Cu cluster protein-assisted synthesis

Marta S. P. Carepo, Cintia Carreira, Raquel Grazina, Malgorzata E. Zakrzewska, Alain Dolla, Corinne Aubert, Sofia R. Pauleta, Jose J. G. Moura, Isabel Moura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel metalloprotein containing a unique [S2MoS2CuS2MoS2](3-) cluster, designated as Orange Protein (ORP), was isolated for the first time from Desulfovibrio gigas, a sulphate reducer. The orp operon is conserved in almost all sequenced Desulfovibrio genomes and in other anaerobic bacteria, however, so far D. gigas ORP had been the only ORP characterized in the literature. In this work, the purification of another ORP isolated form Desulfovibrio alaskensis G20 is reported. The native protein is monomeric (12443.8 +/- A 0.1 Da by ESI-MS) and contains also a MoCu cluster with characteristic absorption bands at 337 and 480 nm, assigned to S-Mo charge transfer bands. Desulfovibrio alaskensis G20 recombinant protein was obtained in the apo-form from E. coli. Cluster reconstitution studies and UV-visible titrations with tetrathiomolybdate of the apo-ORP incubated with Cu ions indicate that the cluster is incorporated in a protein metal-assisted synthetic mode and the protein favors the 2Mo:1Cu stoichiometry. In Desulfovibrio alaskensis G20, the orp genes are encoded by a polycistronic unit composed of six genes whereas in Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough the same genes are organized into two divergent operons, although the composition in genes is similar. The gene expression of ORP (Dde_3198) increased 6.6 +/- A 0.5 times when molybdate was added to the growth medium but was not affected by Cu(II) addition, suggesting an involvement in molybdenum metabolism directly or indirectly in these anaerobic bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalJournal Of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Orange protein
  • Mo-Cu cluster
  • Protein-assisted synthesis
  • Metal reconstitution
  • Desulfovibrio
  • Strict anaerobic bacteria
  • orp gene cluster
  • VULGARIS HILDENBOROUGH
  • WILSONS-DISEASE
  • TRANSCRIPTOMIC ANALYSIS
  • APO-FORM
  • COPPER
  • TETRATHIOMOLYBDATE
  • INHIBITION
  • COMPLEX
  • GIGAS
  • THIOMOLYBDATES

Cite this