Phosphorylation of iRhom2 Controls Stimulated Proteolytic Shedding by the Metalloprotease ADAM17/TACE

Miguel Cavadas, Ioanna Oikonomidi, Catarina J. Gaspar, Emma Burbridge, Marina Badenes, Inês Félix, Alfonso Bolado, Tianyi Hu, Andrea Bileck, Christopher Gerner, Pedro M. Domingos, Alex von Kriegsheim, Colin Adrain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Cell surface metalloproteases coordinate signaling during development, tissue homeostasis, and disease. TACE (TNF-α-converting enzyme), is responsible for cleavage (“shedding”) of membrane-tethered signaling molecules, including the cytokine TNF, and activating ligands of the EGFR. The trafficking of TACE within the secretory pathway requires its binding to iRhom2, which mediates the exit of TACE from the endoplasmic reticulum. An important, but mechanistically unclear, feature of TACE biology is its ability to be stimulated rapidly on the cell surface by numerous inflammatory and growth-promoting agents. Here, we report a role for iRhom2 in TACE stimulation on the cell surface. TACE shedding stimuli trigger MAP kinase-dependent phosphorylation of iRhom2 N-terminal cytoplasmic tail. This recruits 14-3-3 proteins, enforcing the dissociation of TACE from complexes with iRhom2, promoting the cleavage of TACE substrates. Our data reveal that iRhom2 controls multiple aspects of TACE biology, including stimulated shedding on the cell surface. Cavadas et al. examine how the metalloprotease TACE is stimulated to shed its substrates, observing that iRhom2, a molecule essential for TACE trafficking, is phosphorylated in response to stimulants (PMA, TLRs, and GPCRs). iRhom phosphorylation requires MAPKs and recruits 14-3-3, which causes iRhom2/TACE dissociation, enabling TACE to cleave its substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-757
Number of pages13
JournalCell Reports
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • 14-3-3
  • ADAM metalloproteases
  • ADAM17/TACE
  • ectodomain shedding
  • EGFR
  • iRhom2
  • MAP kinases
  • TNF

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