Side-pumping Nd:YAG solar laser by six Fresnel lenses

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Abstract

To obtain a good compromise between collection efficiency and brightness figure of merit of solar-pumped lasers, a new side-pumping scheme is proposed. Firstly the solar radiations are collected and concentrated by six 700 mm diameter Fresnel lenses. The concentrated solar radiations are subsequently reflected by six plane folding mirrors with 95% reflectivity, into a common focal spot. This allows the concentration of 1740 W solar power with about 6.4 W/mm2 peak solar flux. A secondary concentrator is composed of six aspheric fused silica lenses, positioned around a 40 mm radius fused silica sphere, compressing all the concentrated solar radiation from the six Fresnel lenses into an 8 mm diameter by 9 mm length Nd:YAG single-crystal rod. By positioning the spherical concentrator slightly above the aspherical lenses, a more uniform absorption profile is achieved. Mechanical support with a water cooling system ensures an efficient cooling to the laser medium. Optimal laser parameters are found through ZEMAXTM and LASCADTM numerical analysis software. Only 16% of the solar power is absorbed by Nd:YAG medium. Solar laser power of 42.6 W is numerically calculated, reaching a collection efficiency of 18.5 W/m2. For a 400 mm plane-concave resonance cavity with -5m radius of curvature, M2 x = M2 y = 22 beam quality factors are numerically predicted. A near uniform pump absorption profile can be achieved by increasing the number of Fresnel lens and folding mirrors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications
EditorsM. F. P. C. M. Costa
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-9601-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting, RIAO 2013 and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications, OPTILAS 2013 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 22 Jul 201326 Jul 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8785
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

Conference8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting, RIAO 2013 and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications, OPTILAS 2013
CountryPortugal
CityPorto
Period22/07/1326/07/13

Keywords

  • Brightness
  • Collection efficiency
  • Fresnel lenses
  • Nd:YAG
  • Solar laser

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