Surgery versus radiotherapy: Long term outcomes of T1 glottic cancer

Nelson Ferreira, Eduardo Netto, Leonor Fonseca, João Fonseca, Susana Esteves, Miguel Labareda, António Mota, Rute Pocinho, Miguel Magalhães, Filomena Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes, patterns of failure and laryngeal preservation rates in patients with T1N0 glottic cancer treated with surgery or radiotherapy.

Materials/methods: Retrospective study of T1N0 glottic cancer patients treated in our institution between January 2007 and December 2017. Histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma patients, treated with upfront cordectomy/partial laryngectomy (S group) or radiotherapy (RT group) were included. Elective treatment of the neck was not permitted. Local failure (LF), disease-free survival (DFS), ultimate disease-free survival (UDFS), laryngectomy-free survival (LFS), disease-specific mortality (DSM) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated.

Results: Two hundred and one patients were eligible (172 S group, 29 RT group), with a median follow-up of 38.8 months. Overall, 33 (16%) patients had a recurrence, 30 (17%) in the S group and 3 (10%) in the RT group. Local failure was the predominant site of failure (28 S, 2 RT). Overall, of all those that were salvaged, 17 (8%) underwent total laryngectomy (15 S, 2 RT). There was no significant difference in the 5-year cumulative incidence of LF (20.8% S, 8.1% RT, p = 0.138), 5-y LFS (85.0% vs. 91.7%, p = 0.809), 5-y DFS (67.5% vs. 82.1%, p = 0.343), 5-y UDFS (82.5% vs. 90.3%, p = 0.647) and 5-y OS (84.5% vs. 90.3%, p = 0.892). Multivariate analysis showed no correlation between initial treatment and the analyzed outcomes.

Conclusion: Primary surgery or radiotherapy were similar first line options, since they do not differ in all outcomes. Patients' and physician's preferences must be considered when choosing first treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)860-866
Number of pages7
JournalReports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2020

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