Transesterification of soybean oil over sulfonic acid functionalised polymeric membranes

L. Guerreiro, J. E. Castanheiro, I. M. Fonseca, R. M. Martin-Aranda, A. M. Ramos, J. Vital

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transesterification of soybean oil with methanol was studied using solid acid catalysts, at 60 °C and atmospheric pressure. Nafion membranes, ion-exchange resins and poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes containing sulfonic groups were used as catalysts for the transesterification reaction studied. The reactions were carried out in a three-necked reactor using all the catalysts in the form of pellets. Nafion and PVA membranes in the form of film were also used in a membrane reactor. The PVA membrane modified with sulfossucinic acid was, in both cases, the most active catalyst. The concentration profiles obtained with the catalysts in the form of pellets exhibited an initial induction period, which disappears when the reaction is performed in the membrane reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume118
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2006

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Polymeric catalytic membranes
  • Resins
  • Sulfonic acid groups
  • Transesterification

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