Valorization of fish by-products: Purification of bioactive peptides from codfish blood and sardine cooking wastewaters by membrane processing

Soudabeh Ghalamara, Sara Silva, Carla Brazinha, Manuela Pintado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Codfish blood and sardine cooking wastewaters were processed using membrane ultrafiltration that allowed for the preparation of bioactive peptides enriched fractions. The raw materials and corresponding permeates were characterized chemically and in terms of biological properties. The fractionation process was evaluated by analyzing the selective permeation of small peptides (<1 kDa) from larger compounds when using membranes with different molecular weight cut-offs (MWCOs) combined with different materials (MW, PW, and UP010 for codfish blood) and when operated at different transmembrane pressures (with GH for sardine cooking wastewaters). A rejection of the protein/peptides >10 kDa was achieved for both raw materials with the studied membranes. Also, low values of rejection of peptides <1 kDa were accomplished, namely 2% with UP010 from codfish blood and 23% when operated at minimum pressure (1.0 bar) with GH from sardine wastewaters. The peptide fractions from codfish blood with MW and UP010 exhibited the highest ABTS+ and ORAC values. Peptide fractions from sardine wastewaters with GH demonstrated no improvement in antioxidant activity compared to sardine wastewaters. The antimicrobial results showed that the peptide fractions from codfish blood with UP010 and from sardine with GH at 1.0 bar were capable of inhibiting Escherichia coli growth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalMembranes
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Bioactive peptides
  • Biorefinery
  • Fish by-products
  • Membrane processing
  • Ultrafiltration

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